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    Literacy is not just another school subject.
    It is the foundation of all subjects.
     What is the Balanced Literacy approach to literacy instruction?



    Read Aloud/Modeled Reading

             Exposes students to variety of genres and texts otherwise out of students' reach

             Models proficient reading

    Write Aloud/Modeled Writing

           Exposes students to a variety of genres and writing skills beyond students' current level of ability

              Models proficient writing

    Shared Reading

             Teacher teaches and models reading strategies

             Further explains reading process

    Shared Writing

             Teacher teaches and models writing strategies

              Teacher scribes for students while further extending understanding of writing process 

    Interactive Reading

             Teacher and student(s) choose text and share the reading

             Students are encouraged to read on their own when they can

    Interactive Writing

            Teacher and student(s) choose topic and "share the pen"

             Writing piece is created together

    Guided Reading

             Teacher engages child in questioning and discussion and reinforces skills

             Teacher acts as guide while student does the reading and practices skills

    Guided Writing

              Teacher engages child in questioning and discussion and reinforces skills

              Student practices writing strategies while teacher acts as a guide

    Independent Reading

             Student chooses text and practices reading at his/her level

             Independent Writing

              Student chooses writing topic and practices at independent level


    Word Study

    Students practice skills related to phonics/phonemic awareness, grammar, vocabulary

     Related literature for Teachers:

     What is "Close Reading"?
     Close reading occurs when students read texts carefully as a means to deepen comprehension. Close reading involves reading a text, or excerpt from a text, multiple times while performing tasks such as reflecting on the meaning, paying careful attention to the text structure, or making connections.
     An informative article on Close Reading: