• Explicit Vocabulary Instruction
    General Information: Every other week there will be a vocabulary quiz over the words from that current week and the previous week.
    Week 1 words:
    Explain/ Explanation- To make clear, plain, or understandable.
    Inference/ Infer- A conclusion reached using facts, observations, logic, and reasoning.
    Evaluate- To judge the value or worth of someone or something.
    Cite- Make reference to; to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.)
    Trace- To discover through investigation.
    Summary/ Summarize- To describe the main idea and important details of a passage using your own words.
    Week 2 words:
    Analysis/ Analyze- Examining parts to understand how they work together to create meaning as a whole.
    Compare- Examine to show likenesses between two things or what they have in common; show similarities of two things.
    Contrast- Examine to show significant differences between two or more things; show differences of two things.
    Determine- To decide or settle finally and without question.
    Describe- To tell or show with written or spoken words; point out facts or details.
    Integrate- To bring together and mix into a whole.
     **Weeks 1-2 Quiz**
     Week 3 words:

    Grazing - to feed on growing grass in a pasture 

    Rebels -a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country 

     Droned- to make a dull, continued, low, monotonous sound; hum; buzz. 

     Veered - to change direction or turn about or a side; shift, turn, or change from one course, position, inclination, etc., to another
    Innovator- a person who introduces new methods, ideas, or products.
    Week 4 Words:
    Tense - in a state of mental or nervous strain; high-strung 

    Gourd - the hard-shelled fruit of any various plants 

    Artillery-mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms 

    Interaction- communication or direct involvement with someone or something.

    Influence- a person or thing with the capacity or power to have an effect on someone or something

    **Weeks 3-4 Quiz**
    Week 5 words:

    Gauge- to judge or make an evaluation 

    Spokes- bars connecting the hub to the rim of the wheel 

    Arid- extremely dry 

    Parched- dried out or made thirsty

    Acquire- Obtain; learn or develop (a skill, habit, or quality)

    Week 6 words:

    Organizational Structure- Text structures found in all types of nonfiction and some fiction.

    Vague- Unclear in conveying; unintentionally or intentionally unspecific or ambiguous.

    Furrowed -a narrow groove made in the ground, especially by a plow 

    Luscious- highly pleasing to the taste or smell 

    Daze- to stun or stupefy with a blow, shock, etc.

    **5-6 Quiz**

    Week 7 words:

    Informational-Writing that provides factual information and that often explains ideas or teaches processes.

    Thesis statement- The sentence or two in your text that contains the focus of your essay and tells your reader what the essay is going to be about.

    Convey- To communicate; express.

    Relevant-Related to or connected with the present matter; pertinent.

    Week 8 words:

    Generations- the entire body of individuals born and living at about the same time 

    Makeshift- a temporary expedient or substitute 

    Aroma- an odor arising from spices, plants, cooking, etc., especially an agreeable odor; fragrance. 

    Solemn- not cheerful or smiling, formal or dignified

    **Weeks 7-8 Quiz**

    Week 9 words:

    Ambiguous- Having more than one possible meaning.

    Cliche’- An overly used expression or idea.

    Drama:A type of literature which is meant to be performed.

    Elements:A part or aspect of something.

    Accumulates: collects, builds up

    Week 10 words:

    Surpass:to do better than, be superior to

    Advocate: Argue for a cause, defend, support, uphold

    Affluent: Rich, abundant

    Benign:Kindly, gently, harmless

    Boisterous: Noisy, loud, violent, rowdy

    **Weeks 9-10 Quiz**

    Week 11 words:

    Alter:To make different in some way; change

    Portrayal:to depict or describe something or someone in a certain way.

    Interpretation: To translate, analyze, or give examples drawn from a text.

    Prominent: well- known

    Relinquish:give up something

    Week 12 words:

    Narrative: Writing that tells a story.

    Descriptive Language: Words intended to create a mood, person, place, thing, event, emotion, or experience.

    Precise: Stated in a clear way and with details.

    Engage:To get or hold the interest of.

    Sensory Details: details that appeal to the five senses (smell, touch, taste, see, feel)

    **Weeks 11-12 Quiz**

    Week 13 words:

    Magnificent:splendid in appearance, wonderful

    Meticulous: careful; very concerned about small details

    Neglect: pay little or no attention to; the act of not  caring for something or someone

    Obvious: easy to notice; not subtle

    Precision:exactness; accuracy

    Week 14 words:

    Sufficient:Enough; as much as needed

    Candid:frank, blunt, open

    Countenance:to favor, support

    Decipher:to solve or figure out a puzzle, translate, untangle

    Domineer: to rule over something in a tyrannical way

    ** weeks 13-14 Quiz**

    Week 15 words:

    Author's Purpose- reason for or intent in writing: To entertain, persuade, or inform

    Distinguish- perceive or point out a difference.

    Appropriate: suitable/ fitting for a particular person, place, or situation

    Escalate: increase or intensify

    Enhance:To improve

    Week 16 words:

    Innate:natural, inborn

    Vernacular:everyday language used by ordinary people; specialized language of a profession. 

    Prudent:Careful, Cautious

    Relevant: Closely connect to or appropriate to what is being done or considered

    Stigma:mark of disgrace or inferiority

    **weeks 15-16 Quiz**

    Week17 words:

    Presentations-A show or display; the act of presenting something to an audience.

    Emphasize- To give particular attention to; stress.

    Interpretations- To translate, analyze, or give examples drawn from a text

    Embezzle: Steal or misappropriate 

    Ravaged- wrecked and plundered; scoured

    **End of Fall Semester Words**

    Week 20 words:

    Claim- The speaker’s position on a problem or an issue.

    Evidence- Anything that can be used to prove something. Includes specific facts, statistics, or examples.

    Relevant-  Declarations (statements) made to explain an action or belief.

    Argument- Verbal or written exchange between people with opposite views.

    Bias- inclination or prejudice for or against one person/ group or thing, especially in a way considered to be unfair, a direction diagonal to.

    Week 21 words:

    Cohesion- To lump, hold, or stick together.

    Credible/ Credibility- Believable or plausible

    Formal Writing Style- Language spoken according to the rules of English. It sounds more educated and professional.

    Objective- Not influenced by personal feelings or opinions.

    Plagiarism- To steal and pass off (as the ideas or words of another) as one's own 

    **Weeks 20-21 quiz**

    Week 22 words:

    Tone- An expression of a writer’s attitude toward a subject.

    Denotation- The direct meaning of a word or expression.

    Connotation- A meaning suggested by a word or an expression in addition to its exact meaning.

    Technical Language- Written or oral communication that has specialized content.

    Impact- To have a strong effect upon someone or something.

    Week 23 words:

    Contribute- (v)To give for a purpose.

    Insinuate: (V) To suggest or hint slyly

    Recompense: (V) To pay back; to give reward

    Trivial: (Adj) Not Important, minor; ordinary, commonplace 

    Humdrum: (adj) Ordinary

    **Weeks 22-23 Quiz**

    Week 24 words:

    Intrigue- v: Caused to be interested or curious

    Anguish-  n: Extreme distress of body or mind.

    Confide- v: Reveal in private.

    Foretaste- n: An advance indication, sample, or warning

    Dissuade- v: To persuade not to do something