Explicit Vocabulary InstructionGeneral Information: Every other week there will be a vocabulary quiz over the words from that current week and the previous week.Week 1 words:Explain/ Explanation- To make clear, plain, or understandable.Inference/ Infer- A conclusion reached using facts, observations, logic, and reasoning.Evaluate- To judge the value or worth of someone or something.Cite- Make reference to; to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.)Trace- To discover through investigation.Summary/ Summarize- To describe the main idea and important details of a passage using your own words.Week 2 words:Analysis/ Analyze- Examining parts to understand how they work together to create meaning as a whole.Compare- Examine to show likenesses between two things or what they have in common; show similarities of two things.Contrast- Examine to show significant differences between two or more things; show differences of two things.Determine- To decide or settle finally and without question.Describe- To tell or show with written or spoken words; point out facts or details.Integrate- To bring together and mix into a whole.**Weeks 1-2 Quiz**Week 3 words:
Grazing - to feed on growing grass in a pasture
Rebels -a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country
Droned- to make a dull, continued, low, monotonous sound; hum; buzz.Veered - to change direction or turn about or a side; shift, turn, or change from one course, position, inclination, etc., to anotherInnovator- a person who introduces new methods, ideas, or products.Week 4 Words:Tense - in a state of mental or nervous strain; high-strung
Gourd - the hard-shelled fruit of any various plants
Artillery-mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms
Interaction- communication or direct involvement with someone or something.
Influence- a person or thing with the capacity or power to have an effect on someone or something**Weeks 3-4 Quiz**Week 5 words:
Gauge- to judge or make an evaluation
Spokes- bars connecting the hub to the rim of the wheel
Arid- extremely dry
Parched- dried out or made thirsty
Acquire- Obtain; learn or develop (a skill, habit, or quality)Week 6 words:
Organizational Structure- Text structures found in all types of nonfiction and some fiction.
Vague- Unclear in conveying; unintentionally or intentionally unspecific or ambiguous.
Furrowed -a narrow groove made in the ground, especially by a plow
Luscious- highly pleasing to the taste or smell
Daze- to stun or stupefy with a blow, shock, etc.
Week 7 words:
Informational-Writing that provides factual information and that often explains ideas or teaches processes.
Thesis statement- The sentence or two in your text that contains the focus of your essay and tells your reader what the essay is going to be about.
Convey- To communicate; express.
Relevant-Related to or connected with the present matter; pertinent.
Week 8 words:
Generations- the entire body of individuals born and living at about the same time
Makeshift- a temporary expedient or substitute
Aroma- an odor arising from spices, plants, cooking, etc., especially an agreeable odor; fragrance.
Solemn- not cheerful or smiling, formal or dignified
**Weeks 7-8 Quiz**
Week 9 words:
Ambiguous- Having more than one possible meaning.
Cliche’- An overly used expression or idea.
Drama:A type of literature which is meant to be performed.
Elements:A part or aspect of something.
Accumulates: collects, builds up
Week 10 words:
Surpass:to do better than, be superior to
Advocate: Argue for a cause, defend, support, uphold
Affluent: Rich, abundant
Benign:Kindly, gently, harmless
Boisterous: Noisy, loud, violent, rowdy
**Weeks 9-10 Quiz**
Week 11 words:
Alter:To make different in some way; change
Portrayal:to depict or describe something or someone in a certain way.
Interpretation: To translate, analyze, or give examples drawn from a text.
Prominent: well- known
Relinquish:give up something
Week 12 words:
Narrative: Writing that tells a story.
Descriptive Language: Words intended to create a mood, person, place, thing, event, emotion, or experience.
Precise: Stated in a clear way and with details.
Engage:To get or hold the interest of.
Sensory Details: details that appeal to the five senses (smell, touch, taste, see, feel)
**Weeks 11-12 Quiz**
Week 13 words:
Magnificent:splendid in appearance, wonderful
Meticulous: careful; very concerned about small details
Neglect: pay little or no attention to; the act of not caring for something or someone
Obvious: easy to notice; not subtle
Week 14 words:
Sufficient:Enough; as much as needed
Candid:frank, blunt, open
Countenance:to favor, support
Decipher:to solve or figure out a puzzle, translate, untangle
Domineer: to rule over something in a tyrannical way
** weeks 13-14 Quiz**
Week 15 words:
Author's Purpose- reason for or intent in writing: To entertain, persuade, or inform
Distinguish- perceive or point out a difference.
Appropriate: suitable/ fitting for a particular person, place, or situation
Escalate: increase or intensify
Week 16 words:
Vernacular:everyday language used by ordinary people; specialized language of a profession.
Relevant: Closely connect to or appropriate to what is being done or considered
Stigma:mark of disgrace or inferiority
**weeks 15-16 Quiz**
Presentations-A show or display; the act of presenting something to an audience.
Emphasize- To give particular attention to; stress.
Interpretations- To translate, analyze, or give examples drawn from a text
Embezzle: Steal or misappropriate
Ravaged- wrecked and plundered; scoured
**End of Fall Semester Words**
Week 20 words:
Claim- The speaker’s position on a problem or an issue.
Evidence- Anything that can be used to prove something. Includes specific facts, statistics, or examples.
Relevant- Declarations (statements) made to explain an action or belief.
Argument- Verbal or written exchange between people with opposite views.
Bias- inclination or prejudice for or against one person/ group or thing, especially in a way considered to be unfair, a direction diagonal to.
Week 21 words:
Cohesion- To lump, hold, or stick together.
Credible/ Credibility- Believable or plausible
Formal Writing Style- Language spoken according to the rules of English. It sounds more educated and professional.
Objective- Not influenced by personal feelings or opinions.
Plagiarism- To steal and pass off (as the ideas or words of another) as one's own
**Weeks 20-21 quiz**
Week 22 words:
Tone- An expression of a writer’s attitude toward a subject.
Denotation- The direct meaning of a word or expression.
Connotation- A meaning suggested by a word or an expression in addition to its exact meaning.
Technical Language- Written or oral communication that has specialized content.
Impact- To have a strong effect upon someone or something.
Week 23 words:
Contribute- (v)To give for a purpose.
Insinuate: (V) To suggest or hint slyly
Recompense: (V) To pay back; to give reward
Trivial: (Adj) Not Important, minor; ordinary, commonplace
Humdrum: (adj) Ordinary
**Weeks 22-23 Quiz**
Week 24 words:
Intrigue- v: Caused to be interested or curious
Anguish- n: Extreme distress of body or mind.
Confide- v: Reveal in private.
Foretaste- n: An advance indication, sample, or warning
Dissuade- v: To persuade not to do something