• Explicit Vocabulary Instruction
     
    General Information: Every other week there will be a vocabulary quiz over the words from that current week and the previous week.
     
    Week 1 words:
    Explain/ Explanation- To make clear, plain, or understandable.
     
    Inference/ Infer- A conclusion reached using facts, observations, logic, and reasoning.
     
    Evaluate- To judge the value or worth of someone or something.
     
    Cite- Make reference to; to quote (a passage, book, author, etc.)
     
    Trace- To discover through investigation.
     
    Summary/ Summarize- To describe the main idea and important details of a passage using your own words.
     
    Week 2 words:
    Analysis/ Analyze- Examining parts to understand how they work together to create meaning as a whole.
     
    Compare- Examine to show likenesses between two things or what they have in common; show similarities of two things.
     
    Contrast- Examine to show significant differences between two or more things; show differences of two things.
     
    Determine- To decide or settle finally and without question.
     
    Describe- To tell or show with written or spoken words; point out facts or details.
     
    Integrate- To bring together and mix into a whole.
     
     **Weeks 1-2 Quiz**
     Week 3 words:

    Grazing - to feed on growing grass in a pasture 

    Rebels -a person who refuses allegiance to, resists, or rises in arms against the government or ruler of his or her country 

     Droned- to make a dull, continued, low, monotonous sound; hum; buzz. 

     Veered - to change direction or turn about or a side; shift, turn, or change from one course, position, inclination, etc., to another
     
    Innovator- a person who introduces new methods, ideas, or products.
     
    Week 4 Words:
    Tense - in a state of mental or nervous strain; high-strung 

    Gourd - the hard-shelled fruit of any various plants 

    Artillery-mounted projectile-firing guns or missile launchers, mobile or stationary, light or heavy, as distinguished from small arms 

    Interaction- communication or direct involvement with someone or something.

    Influence- a person or thing with the capacity or power to have an effect on someone or something

    **Weeks 3-4 Quiz**
     
    Week 5 words:

    Gauge- to judge or make an evaluation 

    Spokes- bars connecting the hub to the rim of the wheel 

    Arid- extremely dry 

    Parched- dried out or made thirsty

    Acquire- Obtain; learn or develop (a skill, habit, or quality)

     
    Week 6 words:

    Organizational Structure- Text structures found in all types of nonfiction and some fiction.

    Vague- Unclear in conveying; unintentionally or intentionally unspecific or ambiguous.

    Furrowed -a narrow groove made in the ground, especially by a plow 

    Luscious- highly pleasing to the taste or smell 

    Daze- to stun or stupefy with a blow, shock, etc.

    **5-6 Quiz**

    Week 7 words:

    Informational-Writing that provides factual information and that often explains ideas or teaches processes.

    Thesis statement- The sentence or two in your text that contains the focus of your essay and tells your reader what the essay is going to be about.

    Convey- To communicate; express.

    Relevant-Related to or connected with the present matter; pertinent.


    Week 8 words:

    Generations- the entire body of individuals born and living at about the same time 

    Makeshift- a temporary expedient or substitute 

    Aroma- an odor arising from spices, plants, cooking, etc., especially an agreeable odor; fragrance. 

    Solemn- not cheerful or smiling, formal or dignified

    **Weeks 7-8 Quiz**

    Week 9 words:

    Ambiguous- Having more than one possible meaning.

    Cliche’- An overly used expression or idea.

    Drama:A type of literature which is meant to be performed.

    Elements:A part or aspect of something.

    Accumulates: collects, builds up

    Week 10 words:

    Surpass:to do better than, be superior to

    Advocate: Argue for a cause, defend, support, uphold

    Affluent: Rich, abundant

    Benign:Kindly, gently, harmless

    Boisterous: Noisy, loud, violent, rowdy

    **Weeks 9-10 Quiz**

    Week 11 words:

    Alter:To make different in some way; change

    Portrayal:to depict or describe something or someone in a certain way.

    Interpretation: To translate, analyze, or give examples drawn from a text.

    Prominent: well- known

    Relinquish:give up something

    Week 12 words:

    Narrative: Writing that tells a story.

    Descriptive Language: Words intended to create a mood, person, place, thing, event, emotion, or experience.

    Precise: Stated in a clear way and with details.

    Engage:To get or hold the interest of.

    Sensory Details: details that appeal to the five senses (smell, touch, taste, see, feel)

    **Weeks 11-12 Quiz**

    Week 13 words:

    Magnificent:splendid in appearance, wonderful

    Meticulous: careful; very concerned about small details

    Neglect: pay little or no attention to; the act of not  caring for something or someone

    Obvious: easy to notice; not subtle

    Precision:exactness; accuracy

    Week 14 words:

    Sufficient:Enough; as much as needed

    Candid:frank, blunt, open

    Countenance:to favor, support

    Decipher:to solve or figure out a puzzle, translate, untangle

    Domineer: to rule over something in a tyrannical way

    ** weeks 13-14 Quiz**