• Thinking Strategies for Basic Facts

The key to using strategies for basic facts is to have the children discover the patterns and then name them. These are suggestions.

Multiplication Facts

 Strategy Description Examples Zero If I have 0 groups of anything, I always have 0. Think: The answer is always 0! 0*5 Think: It’s always 0. Ones (or the Identity) If I have 1 group of any number, I just have that number. Think: 1 times any number is that number. 1*6 Think: It is just the number, so it is 6! Twos Double the number. OR This is Doubles from addition! 2*8 Think: Double 8, so 8+8 is 16. Threes Double plus another. 3*6 Think: Double 6 is 12, add 6 again, that’s 18. Fours Double and double again.   OR Double and then add the double to itself 4*7 Think: Double 7 is 14 and double 14 is 28. OR Double 7 is 14, so 14 and 14 is 28. Fives Count by fives.   OR Multiply by 10 and halve that. 5*6 Think: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 That’s six 5s so the answer is 30. OR 10 *6 is 60, half of 60 is 30. Sixes Triple the number and then double it. OR Multiply by five and add another. 6*7 Think: 3*7 is 21, double 21 and get 42. OR 5*7 is 35, add another 7 and get 42. Sevens Multiply by five and add the double. 7*8 Think: 5*8 is 40, 2*8 is 16, 40+16 is 56. Eights Double the number three times. 8*6 Think: 2*6 is 12, 2*12 is 242, and 2*24 is 48. Nines Multiply by 10 and subtract the number. OR Think one less than the number, put the new number in the tens place. The ones column is the number that added to the new tens place equals nine. 9*7 Think: 10*7 is 70, subtract 7 to get 63. OR One less than 7 is 6, so 60. 6+3 is 9 so 60+3 makes 63. Tens Add a zero to the number. 10*6 Think: Put 6 in the tens place and 0 in the ones place to get 60.

Fact Fluency for Addition and Subtraction

Reinforcing Strategies
The link below contains strategies you should use to reinforce strategy development to help with fact fluency.  Research shows only 30% of the population are rote memorizers.  Therefore, memorizing your facts is an ineffective strategy to improve fact fluency.
Once students have a strategy in place,  you can implement flash cards and/or timed tests.  However, you should only assess knowledge of facts in which students have mastered a strategy.

Games to Build Fact Fluency

Assessing Fact Fluency