Every reader is expected to read not only all the words on a page correctly, but also
to read those words with voice and intonation (personality) and at a comfortable, flowing
pace. These skills fall under the category of fluency. The key to fluency is NOT just speed!
The key is being able to chunk groups of words together so the reading sounds like speech,
use punctuation as a guide, and to use expression. (Being able to also include character
attitude and personality is a wonderful sign of comprehension, too!) When a student does
these things well, then his/her speed automatically increases!
Although fluent reading is more than just fast reading, the easiest way to assess
fluency is through one-minute timed readings. As students progress as readers, the number
of words they read correctly per minute (wcpm) should increase even if the difficulty of the
text is increasing. EVERY student, regardless of reading ability, benefits from fluency
support and practice.
Part ofeach child’s homework is to read aloud a passage every night. They will read
the same passage every night for a week and answer three or four questions about the
passage. I am asking that an adult or older sibling time the student reading for one minute,
help correct any errors, record their work together and model fluent reading for the student.
These are the steps for this nightly assignment:
1. Student reads the entire passage to him/herself.
2. Student reads aloud the passage to the adult/parent, who is
timing them for EXACTLY one minute. During this time the
parent is also keeping track of (counting up) any errors the child makes while
reading, BUT does NOT try to correct the child at this time.
3. Adult/parent records on the homework sheet the number of words read in a
min. (use the numbers at the end of each line to help you add quickly) and the
number of errors.
4. Adult/parent NOW points out and corrects the errors made to the child.
5. Adult/parent might consider reading the passage to the child as well.
This process should be repeated every night Monday-Thursday.
Thank you for your help. If you have any questions, please contact me.