• Literary Genres
    and Elements

    Literary Genres
    A genre is a group of books with a similar theme or style.  Following are descriptions of various genres studied by the students in Henry County.
    • Picture Books are fictional stories written around one or two themes with the illustrations being an important part of the book.  You will find these under "E" for Everybody Books in our library.
    • Fantasy books are a type of fiction that contain elements such as characters or settings that could not exist in real life.  These books may have animals or non-living objects with human characteristics.  Settings might be magical or be in a different world.  These books can be found either in the "E" section or the "FIC" (Fiction - chapter books) section of our library.
    • Science Fiction books are a type of fiction similar to fantasy but involve many scientific theories and elements that make the story seem possible.  Many of these books are set in the future or in outer space.  These books can be found either in the "E" section or the "FIC" (Fiction - chapter books) section of our library.
    • Historical Fiction books are those that give a historically accurate portrayal of life duirng a particular time in history.  They have a strong sense of place and time.  These books can be found either in the "E" section or the "FIC" (Fiction - chapter books) section of our library.
    • Mystery books are stories that involve a suspenseful event (often a crime of some type).  The reader uses clues from the story and gradually discovers who has committed the crime to solve the mystery by the end of the story.  Many mystery series have the same character(s) solving different crimes or problems.  These books can be found either in the "E" section or the "FIC" (Fiction - chapter books) section of our library.
    • Realistic Fiction books are those set in present-day.  Characters encounter modern day difficulties and problems.  The reader can believe that the events could really happen in real life.  Realistic fiction includes mysteries, adventure stories, humorous stories, and much more.  These books can be found either in the "E" section or the "FIC" (Fiction - chapter books) section of our library.
    • Nonfiction books are informational books written by credible authors.  Nonfiction books explain how things work, tell facts about many different topics and show us how to do various things.  Nonfiction books are in the "number section" of our library using call numbers from the Dewey Decimal System.
    • Folktales are stories that have been passed down from generation to generation.  There are many types of folktales, including fables, tall tales, myths, and fairy tales.  This type of book usually has a call number of 398.2 and can be found in the nonfiction area of our library.
      • Fables are short stories that teach a lesson or moral.  The characters are  usually animals, but they are given human characteristics.  Aesop wrote many fables.
      • Tall Tales are folktales that have a key element of exaggeration, such as Paul Bunyan.
      • Fairy Tales usually have magical elements with characters that could be fairies, giants, or elves.  Many times magical deeds are performed.  Cinderella is an example of a fairy tale.
      • Myths are stories that serve to explain how something came into being or to tell about the adventures of a hero.  Many incorporate gods and goddesses within the story.  The story of King Midas is a myth.
    • Poetry books are those that include verses or poems.  Poems my be humorous, serious, lyrical, or narrative (tells a story).  Many poems have a rhythm, and many rhyme.  Poems create pictures in the reader's mind.  Poetry books use a call number of "811" and are located in the nonfiction section of our library.
    • Biographies are histories of a person's life or parts of his/her life.  A biography that is written by a person about his/her own life is called an autobiography.  These are located in the "B" (Biography) section of our library.  Sometimes biographies of several people are found in one book.  These are called collective biographies and use the call number "920" in the nonfiction section of our library.
    Literary Elements
    • Characters are people, animals, etc. in stories.  The most important person in the story is the main character.  Character traits show what a person is like and help explain a person's behavior or actions.
    • Plot is the plan or sequence of events in a story.  The turning point of a story is when an event hapens that lets the reader know when something is about to change.  The climax of a story comes at the end, when the details come together and form a resolution.
    • Point of View is a way of looking at things.  Each story is told from a person's viewpoint.
    • Setting is where and when a story takes place.  Settings can change in different parts of the story.
    • Theme is the main subject or idea of a book.
Last Modified on December 31, 2019