• Steps to Solving Story Problems
2. Visualize the problem.
(Get a picture in your mind of what is happening.)
3. Write the equation.
4. Solve the problem. (There are many different ways.)
6. Write the answer in the equation.
7. Write a final sentence that answers the question.

What are some strategies I can use?
Let's pretend that this is our problem: We planted 18 daffodils. Then we planted another 18 daffodils. How many daffodils did we plant? Equation: 18+18=__
Pictures
I can draw pictures in groups to help me.
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I can move two from the bottom row to make 3 rows of ten
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******
Then I can count by tens and ones, and my answer is 36.
We planted 36 daffodils.
Objects
I can use objects, such as unifix cubes, buttons, pennies, or cheerios.
I would group them as I did my pictures, and use the same process.
oooooooooo
oooooooo
oooooooooo
oooooooo
Move objects to make complete rows of ten. Then count by tens and ones. Answer=36
We planted 36 daffodils.

Breaking Apart Numbers
(Expanded Notation)

I can break apart the numbers.
18=10+8
18=10+8
10+10=20
8+8=16
20+16=36
We planted 36 daffodils.

Vertical Equation
I can place the numbers on top of one another. Then add them.
18
+18
I would add the ones 8+8=16, and leave the 6 in the ones place. Then I would regroup the ten with the other tens for 1 ten + 1 ten + 1 ten for a total of 3 tens. My answer would be 36.
We planted 36 daffodils.
Note to parents: Unless your child truly understands what that 1 means added to the tens, please do not use this strategy.

Click below to practice solving word problems

Subtraction Word Problems