• Steps to Solving Story Problems
    1. Read the problem.
    2. Visualize the problem.
    (Get a picture in your mind of what is happening.)
    3. Write the equation.
    4. Solve the problem. (There are many different ways.)
    5. Explain your thinking.
    6. Write the answer in the equation.
    7. Write a final sentence that answers the question.
     
     
    What are some strategies I can use?
    Let's pretend that this is our problem: We planted 18 daffodils. Then we planted another 18 daffodils. How many daffodils did we plant? Equation: 18+18=__
    Pictures
    I can draw pictures in groups to help me.
    **********
    ********
    **********
    *********
    I can move two from the bottom row to make 3 rows of ten
    **********
    **********
    **********
    ******
    Then I can count by tens and ones, and my answer is 36.
    We planted 36 daffodils.
    Objects
    I can use objects, such as unifix cubes, buttons, pennies, or cheerios.
    I would group them as I did my pictures, and use the same process.
    oooooooooo
    oooooooo
    oooooooooo
    oooooooo
    Move objects to make complete rows of ten. Then count by tens and ones. Answer=36
    We planted 36 daffodils.
     
     
     
    Breaking Apart Numbers
    (Expanded Notation)

    I can break apart the numbers.
    18=10+8
    18=10+8
    10+10=20
    8+8=16
    20+16=36
    We planted 36 daffodils.





     
    Vertical Equation
    I can place the numbers on top of one another. Then add them.
      18
    +18
    I would add the ones 8+8=16, and leave the 6 in the ones place. Then I would regroup the ten with the other tens for 1 ten + 1 ten + 1 ten for a total of 3 tens. My answer would be 36.
    We planted 36 daffodils.
    Note to parents: Unless your child truly understands what that 1 means added to the tens, please do not use this strategy.

    Click below to practice solving word problems

     
     
     
     
    Subtraction Word Problems
     
    Addition Word Problems