• SECOND GRADE

    ELA STANDARDS

    Second graders begin to read more with accuracy and fluency. Having a firmer grasp on phonics, second graders begin more complex word studies. They begin to read longer, more complex texts, including chapter books. They continue to read every day and have books read to them. Writing becomes more independent for second graders as they write in a variety of genres. Students become much more conscientious about editing and revising their work. Second graders begin to use more symbolic language, such as concepts (courage, freedom, time, seasons), in their writing and verbal interactions. Conventions become a part of the everyday writing experience for second graders. They learn important parts of speech and how to manipulate language to suit their contexts. They expand sentences and learn new sentence structures and the punctuation that occurs with them. Their written and spoken language becomes much more complex. Second graders show evidence of a vastly expanding language repertoire, including the use of a variety of language registers. They engage in a variety of language and literary activities as they gain independence and mastery of reading, writing, speaking, and listening. While the Second Grade GSE make clear specific expectations for reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language, these standards need not be a separate focus for instruction. Often, several standards can be addressed by a single rich task.

    Reading Literary

    • Key Ideas and Details
    1. ELAGSE2RL1: Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
    2. ELAGSE2RL2: Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral
    3. ELAGSE2RL2: Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral
    • Craft and Structure
    1. ELAGSE2RL4: Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.
    2. ELAGSE2RL5: Describe the overall structure of a story including describing how the beginning introduces the story, the middle provides major events and challenges, and the ending concludes the action.
    3. ELAGSE2RL6: Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.
    • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
    1. ELAGSE2RL7: Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.
    2. ELAGSE2RL8: (Not applicable to literature)
    3. ELAGSE2RL9: Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.
    • Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
    1. ELAGSE2RL10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

    Reading Informational

    • Key Ideas and Details
    1. ELAGSE2RI1: Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.
    2. ELAGSE2RI2: Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.
    3. ELAGSE2RI3: Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.
    • Craft and Structure                                                                                                                                                                                               a. ELAGSE2RI4: Determine the meanings of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area                                                                                       b. ELAGSE2RI5: Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text       efficiently                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    c. ELAGSE2RI6: Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.
    • Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
    1. ELAGSE2RI7: Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.
    2. ELAGSE2RI8: Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.
    3. ELAGSE2RI9: Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.
    • Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity
    1. ELAGSE2RI10: By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

    Reading Foundational

    • Phonics and Word Recognition
    1. ELAGSE2RF3: Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.
    • Fluency

            a. ELAGSE2RF4: Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. 

    Writing

    • Text Types and Purposes
    1. ELAGSE2W1: Write opinion pieces in which they introduce the topic or book they are writing about, state an opinion, supply reasons that support the opinion, use linking words (e.g., because, and, also) to connect opinion and reasons, and provide a concluding statement or section.
    2. ELAGSE2W2: Write informative/explanatory texts in which they introduce a topic, use facts and definitions to develop points, and provide a concluding statement or section
    3. ELAGSE2W3: Write narratives in which they recount a well-elaborated event or short sequence of events, include details to describe actions, thoughts, and feelings, use temporal words to signal event order, and provide a sense of closure.
    • Production and Distribution of Writing
    1. ELAGSE2W4: (Begins in grade 3)
    2. ELAGSE2W5: With guidance and support from adults and peers, focus on a topic and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing.
    3. a. May include prewriting. ELAGSE2W6: With guidance and support from adults, use a variety of tools to produce and publish writing, including digital tools and collaboration with peers
    •  Research to Build and Present Knowledge
    1. ELAGSE2W7: Participate in shared research and writing projects (e.g., read a number of books on a single topic to produce a report; record science observations).
    2. ELAGSE2W8: Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question.
    3. ELAGSE2W9: (Begins in grade 4)
    • Range of Writing
    1. ELAGSE2W10: (Begins in grade 3)

    Speaking and Listening

    • Comprehension and Collaboration
    1. ELAGSE2SL1: Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about grade 2 topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups.
    2. ELAGSE2SL2: Recount or describe key ideas or details from written texts read aloud or information presented orally or through other media.
    3. ELAGSE2SL3: Ask and answer questions about what a speaker says in order to clarify comprehension, gather additional information, or deepen understanding of a topic or issue
    • Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
    1. ELAGSE2SL4: Tell a story or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking audibly in coherent sentences.
    2. ELAGSE2SL5: With guidance and support, create audio recordings of stories or poems; add drawings or other visual displays to stories or recounts of experiences when appropriate to clarify ideas, thoughts and feelings
    3. ELAGSE2SL6: Produce complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification. (See grade 2 Language standards 1 and 3 for specific expectations.)

    Language

    • Conventions of Standard English
    1. ELAGSE2L1: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
    2. ELAGSE2L2: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.
    • Knowledge of Language
    1. ELAGSE2L3: Use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening.
    • Vocabulary Acquisition and Use
    1. ELAGSE2L4: Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 2 reading and content, choosing flexibly from an array of strategies.
    2. ELAGSE2L5: Demonstrate understanding of word relationships and nuances in word meanings.
    3. ELAGSE2L6: Use words and phrases acquired through conversations, reading and being read to, and responding to texts, including using adjectives and adverbs to describe (e.g., When other kids are happy that makes me happy)